What is an Active Voice and Passive Voice ? Telugu

 

ACTIVE AND PASSIVE VOICE

What is an Active Voice?

In a sentence, if the subject does any action, we call that sentence to be in the active voice.

E.g. Prasad hit the students.

In the above sentence, Prasad the subject of the sentence is doing some action.  He is hitting the students. Hence, we can rightfully call that sentence to be in the active voice.

What is a Passive Voice?

In a sentence, if the subject doesn’t do any action but receives the action, we call that sentence to be in the active voice.

e.g. The students were hit by Prasad

In the above sentence, The students the subject of the sentence are not doing any action. They are receiving the action(beatings). Hence, we can rightfully call that sentence to be in the passive voice.

Why do we use the active voice?

We use the active voice to show the importance of the person or thing that is doing that action.

 

Why do we use the passive voice?

We use the passive voice to show the importance of the person or thing who receives the action.  The passive voice is used mostly in writing than in speaking.

What are the guidelines to change the active to passive voice?

The guidelines to change the active to passive are as follows:-

  1. Check the tense of the sentence.
  2. Take the object of the active sentence as the subject of the passive sentence.
  3. A BE form verb is used with the main verb according to the number and tense of the sentence
  4. The main verb of the sentence is changed to its past participle form
  5. The preposition BY is written after the past participle
  6. The subject of the active voice becomes the object of the passive voice.

(If there is a pronoun used as the subject in the active voice, then the pronoun undergoes a change)

I > me; We > us; You remains you; he > him; she > her; It remains it; They > them; etc.

Note: When we check the tense of the sentence, we must follow the formula of the sentence. If we don’t follow the formula, there are chances that we take the complement of the sentence as the object.

Subject + Verb + Object + Complement (Active voice)

   Ravi    speaks  English at home (English is the object and at home is the complement. Don’t take the complement as the object.)

 

Subject +Be form verb + Past Participle + By + Object + Complement

English               is                     spoken           by      Ravi       at home

 

The Be Form Verbs: Am, is, are (present tense); was, were (past tense); been (perfect tense); being (continuous tense); be (modals)

 

Table – 1

Tense Singular/Plural Active Voice Passive Voice
Simple Present Tense Singular

Plural

Ram writes a letter

They write letters

A letter is written by Ram

Letters are written by them

Present Continuous Tense Singular

Plural

I am writing a letter

They are writing letters

A letter is being written by me

Letters are being written by them

Present Perfect Tense Singular

Plural

Kala has written a letter

Ram and Shyam have written letters

A letter has been written by Kala

Letters have been written by Ram and Shyam

Simple Past Tense Singular

Plural

Ramu wrote a letter

Girls wrote the addresses

A letter was written by Ramu

Addresses were written by girls

Past Continuous Tense Singular

Plural

He was writing a book

They were writing answers

A book was being written by him

Answers were being written by them

Past Perfect Tense Singular

Plural

Latha had written questions

We had scolded them

Questions had been written by Latha

They had been scolded by us

 

 

Modals Kala will write a letter A letter will be written by Kala
Mala would write a letter A letter would be written by Mala
Radha shall write a letter A letter should be written by Radha
Mohan can write a letter A letter could be written by Mohan
We could write letters Letters could be written by Us
She may write a letter A letter may be written by her
They might write a letter A letter might be written by them
You ought to write a letter A letter ought to be written by you
Sheela needs to write a letter A letter needs to be written by Sheela

 

Examples:

 

He writes a letter A letter is written by him
He speaks the truth The truth is spoken by him
They did the work The work was done by them
She made a mistake A mistake was made by her
She sang a song A song was sung by her
Narayana Shetty sells sugar Sugar is sold by Narayana Shetty
He threw stones at his shop Stones were thrown by him at his shop
Lalitha prepares food in the kitchen Food is prepared by Lalitha in the kitchen
She lodged a complaint against Ravi A complaint was lodged by her against Ravi
We celebrated Independence Day on 15th August Independence day was celebrated by us on 15th August
They play football everyday Football is played by them everyday
I made him the captain of the team He was made the captain of the team by me
She gave me a book I was given a book by her
They gave us rings We were given rings by them
He narrated the children a story The children were narrated a story by them
She gave a dictionary to me A dictionary was given by her to me
Ravi showed us a way We were shown a way by Ravi
The policeman has arrested him He has been arrested by the policeman
I had not planned any of this Any of this had not been planned by me
He had kept the book in the bag The book had been kept in the bag by him

 

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